With the highest carbon content of all the fossil fuels, burning coal contributes to high greenhouse gas emissions and is thus one of the main drivers of climate change. In 2016, 25 coal power plants are in operation in Turkey, and around 70 new coal power plants are planned in line with the country’s 2023 energy vision.


TERMIK SARISEKI KY 9870Local communities, national NGOs, environmental lawyers, medical associates and archeological experts in Turkey work together and make a stand to coal infrastructure projects. Thanks to their resistance, almost half of the first round projects have been cancelled and some of the planned projects risk to fail.

Having more than 70 new coal power plants by 2023 would add 200 million tons of CO2 emissions, on top of 68.7 million tons in 2012, which would make Turkey one of the world’s major emitters and a ticking climate bomb right next to the EU. An emerging economy cannot afford a lock-in into a high carbon energy source like coal.

The industrial pollutants released into the environment when mining and burning coal, such as sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, dust particles and mercury, are detrimental to human health. These pollutants contaminate our soils, our air, our water streams, our fish and ourselves. In every way, coal is one of the dirtiest and most problematic forms of energy.

Turkey is a rapidly emerging market and does not need to be reliant on coal to maintain its development. The coal age is over, and Turkey should be a part of the global energy revolution. There are already many good examples of modern, efficient, flexible, decentralized, community-based, environmentally-friendly energy systems and affordable technologies that Turkey can use to develop in a sustainable way.

There are already many good examples of modern, efficient, flexible, decentralized, community-based, environmentally-friendly energy systems and affordable technologies that Turkey can use to develop in a sustainable way.

Learn more

Turkey's woefully inefficient INDC 

Turkey submitted its Intended National Determined Contribution (INDC) in September 2015, just a couple of months before hosting the G20 Summit in Antalya. Read More 

CAN Europe's interactive Coal Map of Europe 

CAN Europe's interactive Coal Map of Europe gives an overview of the role of coal in our electricity system. Read More 

Local coal testimonies and resistance from Turkey 

Local communities who live in the regions where there are existing and planned new coal power plant projects face serious risks. These risks include chronic respiratory diseases, water and soil contamination, being dependent on unsustainable and insecure jobs in coal infrastructures, displacement, losing high quality arable lands to coal. Local communities under coal risks resist to projects in their regions. Witness some of the resistance stories below. Read More

Useful Turkey Resources

Here you find a range of useful external Turkey climate & energy resources. Read More



Özlem Katısöz in Istanbul
Turkey Climate and Energy Policy Coordinator
ozlem /at/ caneurope.org


Elif Cansu in Istanbul
Turkey Policy Officer
cansu /at/ caneurope.org

Latest Publications on Turkey

  • China's stillborn coal investment in Turkey

    The report "Feasibility of Coal in the Age of Renewable Energy: Hunutlu Thermal Power Plant Case" by WWF Turkey and SEFiA (Sustainable Economy and Financial Research Association) in collaboration with Climate Action Network (CAN) Europe reveals why coal investments no longer bring profits, through the example of the Hunutlu coal-fired thermal power plant that is under construction in Adana, Turkey.
  • Türkiye Ekonomisinin Karbondan Arındırılması: Uzun Vadeli Stratejiler ve Acil Çözüm Bekleyen Darboğazlar

    Türkiye-AB Sivil Toplum Diyaloğu Beşinci Dönem Hibe Programı çerçevesinde, Türkiye Ekonomi Politikaları Araştırma Vakfı (TEPAV), Güneydoğu Avrupa Değişim Ağı (SEE Change Network) ve Avrupa İklim Eylem Ağı (CAN Europe) ortaklığında Nisan 2019 – Haziran 2020 tarihleri arasında yürütülmüş olan “Türkiye 2050 Hesaplayıcısı: İklim Politikası Diyaloğunun Desteklenmesi” projesi kapsamında “Türkiye ekonomisinin karbondan arındırılması: uzun vadeli stratejiler ve acil çözüm bekleyen darboğazlar” başlıklı bir rapor hazırlanmıştır.
  • Decarbonisation of Turkey's Economy: Long-Term Strategies and Immediate Challenges

    Within the scope of the Civil Society Dialogue Program (Fifth Phase), Turkey Economic Policy Research Foundation (TEPAV), Southeast Europe Change Network (SEE Change Network) and the Climate Action Network (CAN) Europe have conducted the project "Turkey 2050 Calculator: Climate Policy Dialogue" from April 2019 to June 2020. The report "Decarbonization of Turkey’s economy: long-term strategies and immediate challenges" is the final product of the project 
  • More than 20 Turkish NGOs demand withdrawal of finance by Chinese banks to the Hunutlu coal-fired power plant

    More than 20 NGOs including East Mediterranean Platform of Environment Associations, the Chamber of Doctors in Adana, Chamber of Agricultural Engineers in Adana, 350.org, Climate Action Network Europe (CAN Europe), Ekosfer, Greenpeace Mediterranean, Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL), and Yuva Association called Chinese banks to withdraw their financial support to the Hunutlu coal-fired power plant that is being constructed in the Yumurtalik District of Adana, Turkey.
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