Through the adoption and ratification of the Paris Agreement, the EU has committed to “limit global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and of pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels."

Countries also established an adaptation goal which aims to enhance “adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change', and an aim to strengthen societies' ability to deal with the impacts of climate change”.

The adaptation goal of the Paris Agreement requires Parties to submit information, including on climate change impacts and adaptation at least every two years. The Paris Agreement also calls for countries to develop regular Adaptation Communications which can include priorities, implementation and support needs in relation to national adaptation.

In addition, the Sendai Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), also agreed in 2015, identifies climate change as one of the drivers of disaster risk, and prioritises key actions to address the various causal factors associated with disaster risk.

Agenda 2030 and in particular the Sustainable Development Goal no. 13 on climate change pinpoint the objective to strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate change as a pre-requisite to achieve and safeguard sustainable development.

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